India has always been vulnerable to terrorist attacks. These attacks over the years have claimed innumerable innocent lives. Strong and adequate security arrangements must be taken to curb such horrendous acts. A slight lapse in security acts as a catalyst and triggers these terrorist attacks. The culprits must be punished severely through fast legal procedures. Here is a list of ten worst terrorist attacks in India.
10. The Twin Car Bombings in Mumbai
Mumbai, the financial hub of India, has always remained a soft target and keeps facing terrorist attacks. Mumbai was shaken by the bomb blasts that occurred at two crowded places on 25th August, 2003. Bombs were placed in two taxis parked at the Gateway of India, an important landmark of Mumbai and at Zaveri market, a crowded Jewelry market area. These two simultaneous blasts took place during the lunch hour claiming 54 innocent lives and injuring 244 people. Although no major terrorist group took responsibility of this gruesome act, the terrorist group Lashkar-e-Toiba was held responsible. The convicts, Ashrat Ansari, Haneef Sayyed and his wife Fahmeeda were initially given a death sentence by the POTA Court and the judgement was further supported by the Bombay High Court.
9. Series Blasts in Jaipur
Another city that came under the grip of terrorism was Jaipur, the capital of Rajasthan. Famous for royal palaces and splendid architectural monuments, this place is visited by thousands of tourists from all over the world. On 13th May, 2008, Jaipur witnessed a series of nine blasts that occurred consecutively. All the bombs were planted in the busy areas and in just a matter of 15minutes, the city was completely disturbed. The blasts started around 7.10pm and killed 63 people and injured almost 216 people. A terrorist group called Indian Mujahideen took responsibility but a Bangladeshi militant group called the Harkat-Ul-Jihad-al-Islami is also under vigilance.
8. Delhi Blasts
Delhi, the national capital, was targeted by a terrorist group. On 29th September, 2005 three consecutive blasts at crowded places like Paharganj, Sarojini market and a bus created havoc. The first blast occurred at 5.38pm and within a span of 30 minutes three massive explosions took away 62 innocent people and injured almost 210 people. Investigations are still going on and many evidences clearly point at Lashkar-e-Toiba’s hand behind this ghastly incident.
7. Samjhauta Express Blasts
The India-Pakistan relations got sour after the bomb blasts that occurred on the Samjhauta Express Train. This bi-weekly train runs between Delhi in India and Lahore in Pakistan. On 18th February, 2007, during midnight the bomb blasts occurred in two bogies killing around 68 people, mostly Pakistani nationals and injured more than 50 people. According to investigative authorities, a number of major breakthroughs have taken place, however none of the terrorist group has been blamed.
6. Assam Bomb Blasts
Assam, a north-eastern state of India, has always been under militant insurgency but the Assam Blasts on 30th October, 2008 was of a huge intensity. Eighteen bombs were planted at many crowded areas in Guwahati and other nearby places like Barpeta Road, Bongaigaon and Kokrajhar and this tragic incident claimed nearly 80 lives and injured around 470 people. Many terrorist groups are still under surveillance and investigations are still going on.
5. Punjab Killings
Punjab was under a terror crisis for a long time and Sikh militant groups had created disturbance. In 15th June, 1991, militants attacked two trains near Ludhiana and started firing. They specifically targeted Hindus and killed nearly 80 people. Due to strict security operations and drastic steps, Punjab has become a peaceful state and militancy has been controlled completely.
4. Rafiganj Rail Disaster
The Delhi bound Rajdhani Express left Howrah on 10th September, 2002 and faced a deadly derailment on the rail bridge over the Dhave River in Bihar. The incident was initially considered as an accident but investigations prove it to be a deliberate attempt. One of the local Maoist group is believed to have damaged the rail tracks, thereby leading to a derailment. With most of the rail coaches falling into the water and geographical hindrances faced by rescuers increased the death toll to more than 130 and left several injured.
3. Successive Bomb Blasts in Mumbai Local Trains
The people of Mumbai were completely shocked by the serial bomb blasts in different local trains on 11th July, 2006. This tragedy occurred during the rush hours of the evening as Mumbai witnessed seven blasts in just 11 minutes. There was chaos everywhere as people were returning from work. This cowardly act by the terrorist group called Lashkar-e Qahhar took the lives of 209 people and injured more than 700 people.
2. Bombay Bomb Blasts
Bombay, now called Mumbai, was completely devastated by a series of bomb blasts on 12th March, 1993. With 13 blasts in quick successions, this commercial city was completely shaken. Headed by the underworld leader Dawood Ibrahim, this fatal tragedy was a combined act of the underworld and other Islamic terrorist groups and claimed 250 lives and left 700 injured in a time frame of 2 hours.
1. Mumbai Terrorist Attacks
Mumbai faced another setback when terrorists attacked various important places like the Taj hotel, the Oberoi Trident, Chhatrapati Shivaji Station, Leopald Café, Nariman House, Cama Hospital, and Metro Cinema. Some highly trained and well equipped terrorists entered and killed nearly 164 people and injured 308 people. The fight between terrorists and military personnel ended on 29th November and the sole militant survivor was Ajmal Kasab who is still undergoing trials. This terror attack is believed to be carried out by Pakistani terrorist group and was severely condemned worldwide.