Gurdwaras are religious place of Sikhs. Gurdwara mean ‘gateway to guru’. It is the place of worship of sikh people. The origin of Sikhism and Gurdwaras started from the holy city Amritsar in Punjab. There are considered as 10 gurus in the history of Sikhism followed by Guru Nanak Dev Ji, Guru Angad Dev Ji, Guru Amar Das, Guru Ram Das, Guru Arjan Dev, Guru Har Gobind, Guru Har Rai, Guru Har Krishan, Guru Tegh Bahadur, Guru Gobind Singh and Guru Granth Sahib. The epic guru Granth sahib is located in all the Gurdwara which is a holy book. There are many Gurdwaras in the world .
Here is the list of top 10 most popular Gurdwaras in the world :
10. Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib Gurdwara
Sri Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib Gurdwara is situated in Assam. In 1905, Guru nanak Dev ji visisted Asam as he was travelling from Dhaka to Assam. The visit of Guru Nanak Dev Ji is recorded in the history of recorded activities. Guru Nanak Dev Ji also met Shrimanta Shankardeva who is the founder of Mahapuruxiya Dharma in Assam is the main highlight depicting the importance of this Gurdwara. It is now a holy place in Assam. Many people in Assam also follow Sikh religion.
9. Gurdwara Bhatta Sahib
Gurdwara Bhatta sahib is situated in Ropar in Chandigarh highway to kulu and kangra valley. This Gurdwaras is made as a tribute to Guru Gobind Singh, 10th Guru of Sikhs. The story behind the gurdwara is that the Guru Gobind Singh visited here in 1745 B.K while returning from from Anandpur after winning the battle of Bhangani. Guru asked the labourers working their for a place to rest over their, but the innocent labourers pointed towards burning kiln and when Guru ji took his horse over that place the kiln become cold. The owner of the Gurdwara Bhatta give a warn welcome to Guru Ji and made this Gurdwara as a tribute to Guru ji and his bravery.
8. Gurdwara Sri Guru Singh Sabha
Gurdwara Sri Guru Singh Sabha is the biggest temple in Europe. It is situated in southall on on Havelock Road and Park Avenue. It is made up of granite and marbel with stained glass windows and gilded dome. It has two floor gallery which has the capacity to accomodate around 3,000 worshippers. Gurdwara also has a dining room and a library. It was opened on 30 March, 2003 by the Sikhs who immigrated England in early sixties and fifties and it cost $ 1.73 million to build.
7. Manikaran Gurdwara
Manikaran Gudwara is located in Manali. Guru Nanak Dev Ji visisted this place in 15 Asu 1574 along with his disciples Bhai Mardana and Bhai Bala. The Gurdwara is situated in the height of mountains of manali and has very beautiful scenic beauty. It is also considered as the first place where the first guru, Guru Nanak Dev Ji first mediated through his journey. The autobiography of Bhai mardana also refers the miracles done here by the Guru Ji. The Gurdwara has many tourist attractions all over the year and is must visit place.
6. Gurdwara Ber sahib
Gurdwara Ber Sahib is situated in Kapurtala, Punjab and is just 60 km away from Amritsar and 36 km away from Jalandhar. The main highlight of this gurdwara is the ber tree which the First Guru of Sikhs, Guru Nanak Dev Ji planted and has now grown into a big tree. Guru ji used to do bath in the Bein River and do mediation for long hours. He stayed here for 14 years 9 months and 13 days. One day while having a bath in the river and disappeared and return home after 3 days, after that Guru ji began his mission of preaching Sikhism.
5. Gurdwara Data Bandi chhod
Gurdwara Data Bandi Chhod is situated in Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh. This gurdwara is dedicated to the Guru Gobind Singh. The story associated with the Gurdwara is of imprisonment of Guru Gobind Singh and his release and winning the battle to release 52 rajas who had suffered a long imprisonment in the fort. The Gurdwara depicts a great history how Guru Ji fight against the Mughals for the betterment of people. There are many scruplters and painting in the Gurdwara depicting the story. It is made of white marble and granite with great painting.
4. Gurdwara Bangla Sahib
Gurdwara Bangla Sahib is located in Delhi, just half kilometer away from Connaught Place. Guru Harkrishan Dev, the eight Guru of Sikhs stayed here as a royal guest in 1664. As a result it became a place for worship and is known as Bangla Sahib. The water in the tank present in the temple is considered sacred and was distributed by the Harkrishan Dev ji to cure the diseases of people like small pox, chicken pox, cholera. There is a museum in the Gurdwara that depicts the great history of Sikhs.
3. Sri Hemkund Sahib Ji
Sri Hemkund Sahib Ji Gurdwara is situated in Uttarakhand, India. It is surrounded by seven mountain peaks in Himalayas with elevation of 15, 200. It is accessible on the Rishikesh-Badrinath highway. The Gurdwara is devoted to Guru Gobind Singh Ji. It attract many tourist every year. From 2011 there is a live telecast of kirtan on MH1 channel in morning 10 am to 1 pm.
2. Anandpur Sahib Ji
Anandpur Sahib is located in Rupnagar District of Punjab. It is also known as holy city of bliss. It is located in the lower edge of Himalayas and river sutlej forms a shiny and shimmering blue border on the west side of the border. It was founded in 1665 by Guru Tegh Bahadur.
1. Shri Harmandir Sahib
Shri Harmindar Sahib popularly known as Golden Temple is located n Amritsar city of Punjab. Guru Ram Dass Ji, fourth Sikh guru stated the construction and was completed by Guru Arjan Dev Ji. It is the most popular Gurdwara of the world and a holy place for Sikhs.