Top 10 Facts about Migrating Birds

10. Time or Season for Migration


Birds usually migrate during spring and fall, but there are some birds that also migrate 365 days in a year. The time of migration depends on many aspects like the distance of migration, travel speed of the birds, the climactic conditions, bird species, the route of migration, etc. 

9. Birds Increase their Weight before Migration


Migrating birds eat a lot to increase their weight before migrating. This helps them to store the energy and the fats required while migrating. Some of the migrating birds increase up to two times their body weight during the few weeks before their migration.

8. Time taken To Migrate


It can take a few days or sometimes few months for birds to complete their migration. This time taken depends upon the speed and the route of migration. Birds that migrate during the end of the season tend to fly faster than the birds that migrate earlier.

7. Navigation Techniques of Migrating Birds


Birds have great sensory organs that help them to navigate their route correctly while migrating. They are able to see the landmarks like mountains or rivers, with the help of their extraordinary vision. They also have an ability to sense their path towards the sun.

6. Migrating During Daytime


The daylight warm air helps the high flying birds to fly at maximum possible height. This helps to save their energy as they can fly without waving their wings. Birds that usually fly in groups also migrate in the daylight. Migrating during the day also helps the birds to feed themselves on their way.

5. Migrating During Night


Generally, songbirds migrate during the night. During the night, the air is still and the temperatures are low which makes it easy for songbirds to fly at night. They feed themselves and rest at different stopovers during the day time.

4. Distance of Travel


Migrating birds usually fly around 15,600 miles or may be even more in one day depending upon the time of migration, the distance of migration and also the weather conditions. The distance of travel may be different every time.

3. Structure of Migrating Birds


Most of the migrating birds have long and pointed wings as compared other species of birds. The structure of the wings of the migrating birds is smoother and enables them to fly easily and more efficiently. It also helps them to fly long distances.

2. Flying Speed


The flight speed of migrating birds is usually from 25 to 70 miles per hour depending upon the species of bird, the speed of the winds that and their flying pattern. If the weather is windy, it may affect the flying speed of the migrating birds.

1. Flight Altitudes of Migrating Birds


The height at which the migrating birds fly varies according to the direction of the winds. They can fly high in the direction of the wind, but they fly low in the opposite direction of the wind. The migrating birds can fly up to 29,000 feet high in good weather conditions.

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