Pakistan is a country located in South-Asia housing the earliest known civilization of South-Asia, the Indus Valley Civilization. It became a free nation in 1947 and has Islamabad as its capital. It is rich in cultural diversity and heritage. Cricket matches and terrorism is not all about Pakistan rather it is well known for several other reasons. Let us explore some of the reasons Pakistan is well-known for:
10. Rich Cultural Heritage:
Pakistan has a very rich culture dating back to ages. Pakistanis have a natural-found love for poetry and they adore long poems. Its culture can be seen through some of the uniquely built architectures of mosques and forts. After becoming a part of the Mughal Empire in 1526, literature and art flourished in the country. A Mushaira (poem reading) can attract thousands of residents. Mirza Ghalib is the greatest poet of all times, whose classical poems in Urdu are adored by all. Its culture is also influenced by Greeks, Arabs, Mongols and Afghans. Its diverse culture heritage is also represented by different dance, folks and music. Before division, its music fully involved Indian instrumentation however, over time it has developed a new understanding of rhythm, ragas, techniques depicting diverse music cultures.
9. Fascinating Natural Beauty:
Pakistan is very lucky to be blessed with amazing natural beauty. In the North, it reaches the highest point of the Himalayan peak of K2 whereas in South its lowest point touches the Arabian Sea. The Indus River flows through the entire Pakistan from top to bottom. Northern areas of Pakistan are an amalgamation of mountain scenic beauty and crystal clear water of the Indus River and are considered as wonderland especially for travelers. On the contrary it is dry and sun-scorched in the West forming widespread desert areas. The low lying region of Himalayas receives heavy rainfall making it best for growing varied vegetation, depending on soil type, moisture content and precipitation levels.
8. Great linguistic diversity:
Pakistan is a homeland of linguistic and ethnic diversity. There are five major ethno linguistic groups in Pakistan: Sindhis, Punjabis, Pakhtuns, Mohajirs and Baluch. These groups are multilayered and are categorized according to language, tribe, ethnicity. However, Urdu is the official language of the Pakistan republic. A district in North-West Pakistan, Chitral, has people speaking in 13 different languages, which accounts for world’s greatest language diversity in areas of this size. This is due to the incredible diversity and linguistic isolation; however some of these languages are losing their identity. Punjabi people are trying hard to adopt Urdu as their language, though being proficient in Punjabi, learning Urdu is proving difficult for them.
7. Most Mysterious Tribe:
There are several unidentified tribes in the unexplored areas of Pakistan, but the Kalash tribe is the most mysterious one. For thousands of kilometers they are guarded by Muslims strongholds. This is the only groups which have lived by the traditional pre-Islamic religion. Their European features are described through various theories about their origin; however nothing detrimental has been described. However, their existence is questionable due to increasing tourism and Islamization.
6. Unlimited Natural Resources:
The extended mountain region of Pakistan is a reserve of endless natural resources. Around 20 different minerals have been identified, few of which can be beneficially exploited. It has deep reserves of natural gases in Baluchistan from where it is transported to various big cities of Pakistan. It is also blessed with various natural resources like coal, petroleum, iron ores, gypsum, limestone, chromites ores etc. Due to only 2.4% forest covered area, timber is in short supply. Except petroleum all the other natural resources are infinitely available and can be explored to a large extent.
5. Greatest irrigation system:
Indus River can be truly called the lifeline of Pakistan. It runs along the length of the country from North to South. The Indus River originates from Tibet and flows down to Pakistan. One of the earliest civilization in Asia originated along this river called the Indus Valley Civilization. The network of this river and its tributaries forms one of the best irrigation systems in the world. This well connected irrigation system provides water for two-third part of Pakistan. This system was originally developed by the Britishers, which was later expanded in the year 1960.
4. Diverse Refugee Population:
Afghanistan, Pakistan’s neighbor on the western frontiers had been in a continuous state of war and bloodshed over the years. The Afghanis had however learnt to live with the mutual tribal conflicts and internal war. But the situation changed dramatically in 1979 during the Soviet Invasion which resulted in an exodus of five million people from Afghanistan to Pakistan, as there were no strict rules relating to border control. Though the situation has become better and there is peace in the country, 1.8 million refugees still reside in Pakistan giving it the distinction of housing world’s biggest refugee population.
3. Biggest Mountain Face in the World:
The boundary of Pakistan encompasses some of the world’s tallest and captivating mountain peaks in the world. Of the 30 tallest peaks in the world, 13 are in Pakistan itself. These include Nanga Parbat in the Himalayas, K2 and Hindu Kush in Karakoram Range. Nanga Parbat is the biggest mountain face in the world. It has two faces: the Northern face and the Southern face (also called the Rupal face). The southern face rises 4600 m high from its base making it the world’s biggest mountain face and the Northern face rises 7000 m from the Indus River making it the world’s deepest gorge.
2. World’s Tallest Cliff:
The Northern part of Pakistan is a house to some of the world’s most spectacular mountain ranges. The Trango Tower is the gem in the crown of K2 Mountain, having the distinction of being the world’s tallest mountain Cliff. Standing proudly like the greatest protector of the glaciers, Trango glaciers have the breathtaking vertical height of 1340 m. The high elevation of this cliff also makes it the most suitable site for experiences like tracking, rock climbing and base-jumping.
1. World’s Largest Mosque:
Most of the Pakistani population is comprised of Muslims, who worship in mosques. Thus Pakistan has the expected credit of housing the world’s biggest mosque in the capital city. The name of the world’s biggest mosque is Shah Faisal Mosque in Islamabad which was built from Saudi donations in 1976 and hence named after their then king Shah Faisal. Its design resembles a desert tent with eight-sided prayer hall surrounded by pointed towers on all the four corners.it is a mark of grandeur and the look of the structure is marvelous. The architecture is beautiful and it is as big as to accommodate around 1,00,000 worshippers at a time. At that time it could accommodate the city’s entire population. This beautiful architecture was built by Sadequain with prominent interior features such as mosaics and calligraphy of 20th century.