Top 10 Basic Ideas That Changed the Course of the World

The world has not always been the way as we know it today. It has evolved to become the techno-cart of the present but where does this journey of perpetual cycle of changes began! What are those that laid down the plinth on which these stories of changes could be accomplished? Lets travel a thousands of years back, right to the days when first humans began to walk on earth and dwell on what were those basic ideas, inventions and discoveries that set this perennial cycle of changes in motion and changed the life of men in ways he has never thought of.

Most of the first inventions made by Early Men came about because of a need or by accident but yet there relevance even to the present scenario can’t be denied.

So, here is list of top ten most basic ideas that changed the course of human civilization:

[Not to mention, this list is just one of the ways these basic ideas can be thought about]

1. Tools

Our earliest ancestors were hunters and the earliest tools were used for cutting, throwing or hammering. These early tools were mostly made of stones or sticks. Pieces of stones were chipped to make a sharp edge for cutting and tips of sticks were sharpened to make spears for throwing. Handles of sticks were fixed to form hammers. These inventions were very basic yet they were important as they led to further inventions as they tried to improve it.

2. Fire

Man probably discovered by accident that fire could be made. No matter whatsoever, in any case it completely changed the way Early Man lived.

Early Man made fire either by striking stone or by rubbing pieces of wood together. The discovery of fire had many far reaching consequences. So, it is considered as the single most important discovery that man made superior to animals.

 

3. Wheel

Like all other discoveries of Early Man, this was not the outcome of efforts of one man or one country, it was the outcome of ideas of many men and many culture over a very long period of time. The first wheels were found in remains of Assyrian, Babylonian, and Egyptian cultures.

The wheel is probably most important mechanical invention of all time. It made the invention of many other objects easy and movement of larger goods easier.

4. Agriculture

The early men were food gathers and hunters and they were ignorant of the art of agriculture. But once they discovered that they could actually grow the food themselves; it completely changed their way of life. It meant that instead of wandering from place to place, he could stay in one place and grow what he needed to eat and the first human settlements began to come into picture. Farming of land first began in middle east.

5. Time Recording

The ancient Sumerians and Egyptians were first to divide days into different parts. Around 3500 B C, slender tapering monuments were built to record time. These monuments were called obelisks. The passage of hour was first measured around 1500 B C when first sundial was made. Over the centuries, clock making became more developed and time keeping more refined till today when we have devices which can measure time to one hundredth of a second.

6. Language

The advent of writing started when Early Man started farming and settled in one place. Around 4100-3800BC, symbols impressed on clay began to be used to keep records. The symbols were in form of pictures; eventually symbols first came to represent ideas and then sounds.

Before the development of spoken language, Early Man communicated with members of his group perhaps by grunting, or through simple noises. The development of spoken language allowed better and easier communication and to pass on their culture.

7. Trading

Trading allowed men to exchange what they had surplus for what they wanted. It was an important step forward. Trading became popular when first cities were established. Soon, trading became the index of prosperity of cities.

8. Calendar

Ancient civilizations depended on movement of sun, moon, planets and stars to measure passage of time and to keep a track of seasons, months and years. Most of the ancient calendars were lunar calendars, based on time interval from one new moon to next. The early Egyptians calendar was based on moon’s cycle but they later developed 365 days calendar.

On the other hand, the Mayans of Central America used not only moon and sun bot also planet Venus, to develop 260-day and 365-day calendars.

9. Laws

Another important discovery of ancient world, without which world would have been a chaos. The first clear expression of written laws to govern a territory comes from ancient Babylonian civilization from reign of Hammurabi. Hammurabi was an ancient Babylonian king. He created the first written set of laws using the cuneiform script developed by Sumerians. These laws were called Hammurabi’s code. It was a collection of 282 laws written on a upright stone pillar. He is also called ‘king of law’.

The code was found by French archaeologist in 1901.

10. Paper

The last but not the least, we have paper in our list. One can surely say why it has been pushed so down in the list. Perhaps, because its absence for considerable period of time from human history didn’t affect other developments of the past age. Though like other inventions of the ancient world it completely changed the world thereafter.

Paper seems to have been invented in China around 100B C. A government official named Ts’ai Lun was the first to start a paper-making industry.

Even after people in China began using paper, it took another thousand years before people were using paper all over Eurasia. Paper gets its name from the Egyptian papyrus that was used to make paper-like sheets as early as 2300B C.

     

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