Top 10 Diseases caused by Excessive Fat

Excessive fat, also commonly referred as obesity is not just accumulation of extra pounds (adipose tissue) in the body but is medically termed as “an abnormal accumulation of body fat, usually 20% or more over an individual’s ideal body weight often associated with increased risk of illness, disability and death”. Estimates of death in US due to obesity is as high as 300000 per year. Ever since the risks of mortality increased a separate branch of medical and surgical specialty has been introduced in the last decade called bariatrics to deal with obesity issues around the world. Slight modifications in a person’s lifestyle including weight loss, a low sodium diet, increased physical activity, regular exercise, moderation in alcohol consumption and additional medication in severe cases may result in significant improvement in the patient’s condition.

1. Diabetes

Diabetes

Diabetes

Obesity is one of the primary causes which lead to the epidemic of diabetes (non-insulin dependent Type II diabetes mellitus). Diabetes only makes you more prone to a pool of other diseases.

2. Congestive Heart Failure

Heart Failure

Heart Failure

This condition results when the body can’t pump sufficient blood into other organs of the body. Researchers believe that both are directly inter-dependant but exactly how is yet to be understood. We are all familiar with the case of Elizabeth Taylor who suffered from congestive heart failure after being affected with obesity.

3. High Blood Pressure

High Blood Pressure

High Blood Pressure

WHO says that one in every three adults worldwide has high blood pressure. Research indicatess multiple reasons why obesity causes high blood pressure which in turn gives way for cardiac diseases, hypertension, diabetes and so on.

4. Pulmonary embolism

 

Pulmonary Embolism

Pulmonary Embolism

The condition occurs when there is blockage in the pulmonary artery or its branches due to fat, blood clot, air, cell clumps, amniotic fluid etc. The condition may result into breathing difficulty, chest pain, congestion and even life-risk for the patient.

5. Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis

It is a clinical syndrome where there is abnormal wearing of the cartilage of one or more joints. It may also cause pain and inflammation of the joints. Obesity is identified as a common cause of the syndrome.

6. Lymphedema

Lymphedema

Lymphedema

It occurs when there is abnormal functioning of the lymphatic system and localized fluid keeps accumulating in one or more limbs. There is constant risk of development of infection in the affected limb which only worsens due to obesity.

7. Gastro-esophageal Reflux Disease

Gastroesophageal Reflux

Gastroesophageal Reflux

It is a common condition with obese people which causes the stomach contents along with digestive juices to rise up the esophagus (the tube that carries food from mouth to stomach) from time to time.

8. Chronic renal failure

CRF

CRF

When the kidneys lose its ability to perform their primary functions i.e. excretion of wastes, concentration of urine and conservation of electrolytes it becomes life-threatening. Obesity is noted as a prime cause responsible for chronic renal failure.

9. Fatty-liver disease

Fatty Liver

Fatty Liver

This reversible condition occurs due to accumulation of pockets of fat inside the liver cells. If not treated the condition may become severe and result in liver inflammation, cirrhosis, irreversible liver scarring and even liver cancer.

10. Depression

Depression

Depression

Reports say that there is a strong link between obesity and depression. Over-weight and obese people often face weight-related stress and discrimination and consequently low self-esteem, mood disorders, social isolation, mental instability and guilt feelings become the common symptoms.

     

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