Top 10 Common Health Issues During Pregnancy

Pregnancy: It’s the time period in a woman’s life from the conception to birth of child in this world. Biologically speaking it’s the impregnation and development of offspring known as foetus (embryo) in a woman’s uterus. Scientifically, it is represented as gravidity.

It is said that giving birth to a child is the worst physical pain a person can endure but then, at the same time, it’s called the greatest boon in a woman’s whole life.

There are a number of problems that a woman might face at the time of pregnancy. The main and the most common ones are listed below:

Top 10 Common Health Issues During Pregnancy:

 

10. Backache:

 The pain that originates from various parts of spine like muscles, joints bones etc at the back. It originates due to various reasons:

  • Weight gain: Spine is responsible for supporting the weight of our body and due to pregnancy extended pressure builds up than the normal one. Also, uterus that carries the baby pressurizes the blood vessels and nerves of the pelvic area leading to backache.
  • Hormone changes: Relaxin, a hormone in our body loosens up the connective tissues (called ligaments) in the pelvic area so as to prepare for the birth process. This can loosen up the tissues supporting the spine leading to imbalance resulting into back pain.
  • Improper Posture: Due to change in the movements to adjust to a more comfortable position while carrying few pounds of baby inside, women tend to make improper posture without noticing leading to strain to the spinal cord.

Cure: Good posture, sleeping towards a side instead of the back and proper rest after any activity.

 

9. Tooth Decay:

 This is another one of the most common problems that women face at the time of pregnancy. Main causes are:

  • Gingivitis: It’s the inflammation of the gums which takes place while brushing. Swelling and bleeding of the gums are the main symptoms.
  • Unhealthy eating desire: Due to pregnancy, women tend to desire candied foods which may lead to tooth decay.
  • Puking: Vomit includes strong stomach acid which supposedly covers our teeth as well; hence due to increase in vomits, the risk of tooth decay increases as well.

Cure: Get the cavities treated if any, brush & floss twice a day and avoid brushing immediately after vomiting.

 

8. Incontinence: 

It means involuntary urination or defecation. Because of increased pressure on the urinary bladder, involuntary leakage of urine takes place. It usually happens when the pregnant woman coughs, laugh or sneeze. The main reason is relaxation of pelvic floor muscles for the delivery of the baby, due to which bladder sphincter doesn’t work properly to hold the urine.

Cure: Reducing the intake of caffeine and undergoing pelvic floor muscle training.

 

7. Infections: 

Medically, it’s the pathological state resulting from the invasion of body by pathogenic (bacteria which can cause diseases) micro organisms. The infections that might take place at time of pregnancy are:

  • Pertussis: Also known as whooping cough. It’s an infectious disease characterized by coughing followed by shrill crowing sound on inspiration.

Cure: Immediately contact your doctor as he would provide antibiotics for this disease. It might last for a long while if not treated on time.

  • Chicken Pox: Varicella Zoster – a virus that causes mild headache, fever, uneasiness, and eruption of blisters on the skin.

Cure: An antiviral drug i.e. Zovirax (acyclovir) can be of great help but make sure your doctor is aware of it.

  • Parvovirus B19:

Also known as slapped cheek disease or fifth disease. It’s recognized by a red rash on the cheek which is itchy and is likely to spread to the other parts of the body.

Cure: Proper rest, analgesics & immediate doctor consultation.

  • Shingles:

It’s a viral disease that affects the neural system of certain nerves, resulting into inflammation, pain & skin eruptions.

Cure: Cold bath, loose clothing, calamine lotion and antiviral medicine on doctor’s prescription.

  • Cold: Also known as influenza, which is characterized by cough, fever and sore throat. It’s an infectious disease and is very common at the time of pregnancy.

Cure: Take steam, gargle with saltwater, drink lots of water & proper rest.

 

6. Digestive Problems:  Due to irregular eating desire and lack of proper exercise, here are various digestive problems that can take place at the time of pregnancy:

  • Constipation: It’s the irregularity or infrequency in evacuation of the bowels. It can be lead to haemorrhoids (piles). Constipation can be the result of constant sitting and lack of walking at the time of pregnancy.

Cure: Drink loads of water; eat fibre-rich foods and exercise.

  • Heartburn:

It’s the burning pain in the oesophagus (food pipe) which is cause by stomach acid. This happens because of the relaxed valve between stomach and oesophagus during pregnancy.

Cure: Avoid heavy meals, cut out the caffeine, drink a lot of water and sleep with propped up pillows.

  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS): The symptoms are stomach cramps, diarrhea, constipation, abdominal pain and gas.

Cure: Iron and fibre-rich foods, loads of water, exercise and moderate amount of meals.

 

 

5. High Blood Pressure: As pregnancy is one the most critical states that a woman goes through in her lifetime, because of which she may go through hypertension which results into diseases like pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) or Pre-eclamptic Toxaemia (PET). Pre-eclamptic is a state before the main Eclampsia which is basically a toxic condition leading to convulsions and might end up into coma during or after pregnancy.

Cure: Immediate consultation from doctor as the risk is that of Eclampsia.

 

4. Urinary frequency:

It’s the need to urinate much more that normal. It happens due to baby’s head pressurizing the bladder. It usually takes place in the early stages of pregnancy and once the head of the baby rests into pelvis ready to come out, this problem stops.

Cure: Pelvic floor muscle exercise & avoid caffeine.

 

 

3. Cramps:

It’s the sudden spasmodic contraction of a muscle or group of muscles in the calf or feet. During pregnancy, as the woman carries a lot of extra weight, it leads to much more pressure of the legs which leads to involuntary cramps especially at the time of sleeping. This condition takes place mostly in the later stages of pregnancy.

Cure: Proper massage, stretching, magnesium rich diet and regular light exercise.

 

 

2. Insomnia: It’s a disorder in which a person is unable to sleep. Due to hormonal changes in the first few weeks of pregnancy, a pregnant woman feels tired, emotional and nauseous but no matter how tired they get, some woman suffer from sleeplessness. In the later stages of pregnancy, due to heavy weight and bump, it becomes problematic to lie on the back as well as on the stomach which might seem a comfortable position for non-pregnant lady. After a while when she might feel comfortable to finally sleep, urinary frequency might just spoil the whole comfort again.

Cure: Avoid fluids after evening around 5 pm, engage into some relaxation activity before going to bed and full length pillow can be helpful as well.

 

 

1. Varicose veins: 

Varicose means abnormal swelling or knotting. During pregnancy, the veins swell which leads to pain and difficulty while sitting and standing. Varicose veins might take place on the legs or around the opening of the vagina. This might take place due to excess in standing or sitting in a cross legged position and many more. These are very common and can be healed with proper blood circulation in the body.

Cure: Massaging the affected legs, avoid standing for longer durations of time and elevated legs on a pillow or a support while lying.   

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